Artificial Reef Construction & Deployment

 Over 500,000 Reef Balls artificial reef modules  have been deployed in over 3,500 artificial reef projects in 48 countries worldwide making Reef Balls the most widely used designed artificial reef in the world.

Reef Balls are used primarily to restore ailing coral reefs and to create new sites for scuba diving or fishing and for many other uses such as beach protection, mitigation, fresh water, education, and for creating many types of aquatic reef systems. 

On average, each of these Reef Balls produces about 180 kilograms (400 lbs) of bio-mass (animal or plant life) each year and Reef Balls have an expected life of at least 500 years. Therefore, 9 Billion kilograms of biomass will be added to the worlds oceans over the next five centuries as a result of Reef Ball efforts.

A majority of our projects are simply designing, building and deploying modular artificial reef systems and allowing mother nature to naturally colonize the modules to form reef systems.  Some projects take further steps such as adding hard coral transplants or seeding the Reef Balls with oyster spat.  The overall goals of the project drive the design (there are thousands of combinations of  styles, sizes and treatments available for Reef Balls to custom fit specific project needs.


Coral Restoration

Coral Propagation

Coral Rescue

Reef Ball Attachment System

Red Mangrove Planting

Monitoring and
Data Collection

Volunteer Programs

Activities Near You (Reef Ball World Mapping System)

Reef Ball Foundation Home Page

Reef Ball Services Home Page

Steps in an Artificial Reef Construction or Deployment Project


1) Determine the goals of your artificial reef project can be successfully designed without a prior set of goals to guide the selection of the design of the artificial reef module to deployment patterns, sizes and numbers of units to use, and special features for each unit.  

2) Determine your budget...artificial reef projects can vary from a few hundred dollars to hundreds of thousands of dollars and what you are willing to budget for your project will determine what options you may have.  If you have a lower budget that you would like, consider using volunteers, building Reef Ball modules yourself, or getting community donations such as concrete or boating services. 

3) Contact Reef Ball Services Division...our staff are considered the world leaders  for designing, building and deploying prefabricated modular designed artificial reefs.  We will walk you though every step. 

4) Build the modules. Construction Photos 

5) Deploy the modules. Deployment Photos

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Need more information? Contact us:

John Walch
Coral Team Co-Leader 

Marjo Van Der Bulck
Coral Team Co-Leader

Sara Cirelli
Red Mangrove Team Co-Leader

Reef Ball Foundation, Inc., 
Volunteer Services Division

Georgia Office (Kathy Kirbo)
603 River Overlook Rd.
Woodstock, GA 30188 USA
Atlanta, GA 30188
770 752-0202

Florida Office (Todd Barber)
6916 22nd Street West
Bradenton, FL 34207
941 720-7549

Arizona Office (John Walch/Ocean Worlds)
15042 North Moon Valley Drive
Phoenix, AZ 85022



Todd Barber, Division Chair

Kathy Kirbo,
Executive Director


Copyright ©1993 - 2004, Reef Ball Foundation, Inc. all rights reserved. See brochure page footer for information on patents, copyrights, trademarks and service marks referenced, but not indicated, on this page.

Other Valuable Internal Reef Ball Links

            -Coral Reef Transplant Notes
            -Identified Hard Coral Diseases (The Coral Disease Page) offline